Fires not only endanger the health and life of your employees, but also lead to a threat to the survival of a company.
Image damage can also be the result of a fire event insofar as a fire event in the fast-paced media world is a much sought-after news topic.
Therefore, fire protection measures are not only required by law, but also always preventive measures of livelihood.
Basically, the company management of an operation, the operator of a facility or the respective management in multi-site organizations, bears the responsibility for the fire protection in the companies concerned.
The fire protection liabilities or the requirements of the property insurers can be very extensive, depending on the existing risk potential and risk classification of the company, so that the fire prevention should be a reproducible dimension for authorities, insurers and possibly certification bodies.
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Below you will find further information on binding regulations
A fire prevention officer can make a lasting contribution to the company's survival. Therefore, authorities, insurance companies and trade associations as well as associations (e. g. vfdb) recommend the appointment of a qualified fire prevention officer.
The appointment of a fire prevention officer will certainly favour the premium structure of a fire insurance policy. In some cases, a suitable fire protection organisation is also required from customers or suppliers.
Fire protection officers are explicitly required as far as possible in certain building permits, in special building regulations of the federal states and partly also in insurance contracts.
According to DGUV Information 205-003, the field of activity of a fire prevention officer includes:
- Organisational fire protection measures
- Create and update fire protection regulations
- Monitoring of the maintenance of fire protection equipment
- Elimination of fire protection deficiencies
- Preparation of operating instructions
- Participation in the implementation of the fire protection concept
- Planning, organising and carrying out evacuation exercises
- Supporting managers with the regular training of employees in fire protection
A fire safety regulation is an individualized summary of the basic rules for the avoidance of dangerous events and the behavior in case of fire, which is individualized to the organization or unit of the organization concerned.
The fire protection order is created individually for each operating unit, because in particular specific features, such as escape routes or areas with a particularly high fire risk, must be taken into account.
A FSR is required in every company and required by law. A fire protection order is to be prepared according to certain specifications and is also partly regulated in detail by country regulations.
With the entry into force of the highest performance of an organization, a FSR has the status of a binding house order. Violations are z.T. remissable offenses, which may also have labor law consequences.
An in-house fire safety ordinance usually differentiates according to employee members and third parties, e.g. Visitors, third-party works, suppliers, etc.
The basics of the requirements for a FSR are to be found in DIN 14096. Also included is the establishment of a supplementary fire protection plan, which also provides information on the locations of the emergency call systems and the extinguishing equipment available. Special hazards are also to be clearly marked.
The FSR consists of three parts
In Part A, instructions are to be determined that are intended for those who could be present during a fire within the relevant operating section. This applies to the workforce, contractors, visitors, customers or even suppliers. These instructions should be short and concise and usually should not exceed one A4 page.
Part B is only for internal employees. Here are instructions to find out how to treat the escape routes and how involved in the event of a fire have to behave. This section also precisely defines work instructions for activities that are usually associated with increased fire hazards. This part of the fire protection regulations is to be conveyed to the employees during instruction and handed over in writing when entering the company.
Part C is aimed at employees who are assigned special tasks in preventive fire protection or in the event of an incident (eg fire protection officer, fire protection assistant, evacuation assistant, etc.). This section defines measures for employees to whom specific fire protection tasks have been assigned by written order.
They take over e.g. coordinating functions in an evacuation of buildings or are ordered for the prevention of damage events, for the conformity of extinguishing conditions or escape route checks in the company. As a matter of principle, designated representatives do not have a responsibility, they are always responsible for the responsible management.
Die nachstehenden Vorschriften und Regeln können sie kopieren und in eine Suchmaschine eintragen. Wir empfehlen gewünschte Regelwerke über die Seiten Ihrer Berufsgenossenschaft oder über die Webseiten der Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin zu beziehen.
- Technische Regel für Arbeitsstätten – ASR A2.2 Maßnahmen gegen Brände
- Technische Regel für Arbeitsstätten – ASR A1.3 Sicherheits- und Gesundheitsschutzkennzeichnung
- DGUV Vorschrift 1 / BGVA1 Grundsätze der Prävention
- DGUV Vorschrift 3 / BGV A3 Elektrische Anlagen und Betriebsmittel
- Betriebssicherheitsverordnung (BetrSichV)
- Arbeitsschutzgesetz | ArbSchG
- Arbeitsstättenverordnung (ArbStättV)
Legislators determine by legislation such as in § 4 Abs. 4 of the Workplace Ordinance, as well as by professional association rules, explicit requirements for the execution of escape and rescue plans:
Traffic routes, escape routes and emergency exits must be kept clear at all times so that they can be used at any time. The employer must take precautions to ensure that the employees can be brought to safety without delay and rescued quickly. The employer must set up an escape and rescue plan if the location, extent and nature of the use of the workplace so requires. The plan must be laid out or posted at appropriate places in the workplace. At appropriate intervals, practice according to this plan.
An escape plan or rescue plan, in accordance with the requirements of the Workplace Directive A1.3 "Safety and Health Protection Labeling", or according to the specifications of DIN ISO 2360, contains all information necessary for an emergency, which is important for a person concerned to rescue.
Escape and Rescue Plans inform those affected about the relevant escape routes, the evacuation and kept firefighting facilities.
E&R Plans can also be used by emergency services in an emergency. Escape and rescue plans are useful in larger buildings with an expected proportion of non-local people such as hospitals, hotels or department stores in a multilingual design.
E&R-Plans must be visible in public areas and at work. In this case, the previous presentation has proven that the rules of behavior are outlined in red in the event of a fire and that relevant rules of behavior in accidents are outlined in green. Escape plans and rescue plans must be presented in the right direction and installed in such a way that their recognizability is always guaranteed. The location selection of the plans depends on the fact that a constant and adequate visibility and readability of the tarpaulin is guaranteed, even in case of lighting failure.
By recording the local conditions with an on-site inspection of the relevant plant components, all relevant information for the preparation of an E&R Plan is recorded.
QHSE Compliance Division Europe